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Properties and performance of textiles


Yarn and fabric properties

In the area of study: Properties and performance of textiles you will learn about the influences of fabric, yarn and fibre properties and fabric finishes on the selection of textile end-uses. This tutorial will help clarify your thoughts before writing your evaluation of the properties and performance of fabric, yarn and fibre used in your Major Textiles Project or whenever you need to analyse and evaluate the effect of fabric, yarn and fibre on textile performance.

Outcomes
This material addresses aspects of the following syllabus outcomes:

H4.1 The student justifies the selection of fabric, yarn, fibre and fabric finishing technique for specific end-uses.

Source: Board of Studies NSW, Stage 6 Textiles and Design Syllabus, Preliminary and HSC Courses (2007)

Activity

Collate the fabrics and yarns you have experimented with for your Major Textiles Project. Set them in a table like the one below, before writing your evaluation of the properties and performance of fabric, yarn and fibre, for your textile item. It may also be relevant to discuss colouration or decoration techniques used or other finishes applied to the fabric.

Sample
Fabric sample
Properties
Contribution to end-use
Fabric name and construction type
Name the fabric and its construction. Be specific, plain weave, double knit etc. What properties does it contribute? How does the construction contribute to end-use?
Yarn type
Name the yarn type. What properties does it contribute? How does the yarn type contribute to end-use?
Fibre content
State the fibre content. What properties does it contribute? How does the fibre content contribute to end-use?
Colouration or decoration method
List the methods used to colour or decorate the fabric What properties does it contribute? How does the colouration or decoration method contribute to end-use?
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