Home > PDHPE > Core 1 - Health Priorities in Australia > Focus questions > What are the priority issues for improving Australia's health? > What are the priority issues for improving Australia's health?
Australia’s population is projected to grow from around 22 million people currently to 35.9 million people in 2050. The ageing of the population will see the number of people aged 65 to 84 years more than double and the number of people 85 years and over more than quadruple.
As a consequence, the proportion of the population of traditional working age and therefore the rate of labour force participation across the whole population is projected to decline. Australia’s population is projected to grow from around 22 million people currently to 35.9 million people in 2050.The number of people of working age to support every person aged 65 years and over is projected to decline to 2.7 people by 2050 (compared with 5 people now).
A direct consequence of declining death rates is that Australians in general enjoy one of the highest life expectancies in the world. Life expectancy at age 65 years increased only slightly between 1900 and 1970, but from 1970 on it has consistently improved. Improvements in life expectancy for persons aged 85 years have also occurred since the 1970s. Most of these gains in life expectancy among older Australians occurred during the latter three decades of the 20th century, when mortality from cardiovascular diseases (notably heart disease and stroke) fell rapidly.
Explore the links below to develop a deeper understanding of a growing and ageing population and its impact on Australia’s health.
Reflect on how a growing and ageing population relates to other focus questions for Core 1, e.g.